Transparency and Free Access to Information

Lately, increased political activity raises public awareness of the importance of free access to information. Primary intention is to establish full transparency of the work of all public bodies and to make all public information available at any time, with the exceptions prescribed by the Law. The modern tendency is that the public interest test applies to certain categories of exemptions, i e the competent authority should determine whether the information is of public interest or partial access, or of some other value prescribed by the Law (egg public safety).

Also, the latest tendency is that the government commits itself to proactive transparency. This means that the government will disclose information prescribed by the Law such as contract on public procurement, budget execution reports and legislation on its own initiative. The idea is that public bodies disclose all information of public interest using the advantages of modern technology (web site), instead of waiting for citizens’ requests, thus contributing to the awareness of the work in the public interest which will consequently encourage political activity of all citizens. In order to determine this as a rule, it is necessary to regulate the legal punishments of the persons responsible and to build independent institutions responsible for monitoring the implementation of relevant regulations. Freedom to access to information is regulated by the Law on Free Access to Information that exists at the state and entity level. It is important to note that there is no detailed elaboration of proactive obligation.

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