Laws define conflict of interest as instance when elected officials, executive officeholders and advisors find themselves in a situation in which their private interest affects or may affect the legality, transparency, objectivity and impartiality in the performance of public functions.
There are for Laws on Conflict of Interest in Bosnia and Herzegovina: the Law on Conflict of Interest in the Institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Law on Conflict of Interest in the Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interest in the Government of the Republic of Srpska and the Law on Conflict of Interest in the Institutions of Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The aim of the Law is to prevent or/and sanction the situations in which the public officials, while performing functions, reap the benefit for themselves, or for people with whom they have family or other relationships.
In this area, Transparency International operates in several directions:
- Analyses the legal framework and advocates the improvement of the Law, so as to minimize the chance of influence of private interests on the decisions of public officials;
- Conducts monitoring of the implementation of laws and informs the public about the effectiveness of institutions in implementation of regulation on conflict of interest;
- Indicates the individual cases of conflict of interest based complaints of citizens and other findings and operation of the relevant institutions to ensure sanctioning of officials who violate the rules on conflict of interest.